James Gardner received his B.A. from Yale University in 1980 and his J.D. from the University of Chicago in 1984. From 1984 to 1988, he practiced law in the Civil Division of the U.S. Department of Justice in Washington, D.C. Before joining the faculty at SUNY Buffalo Law School in 2001, he taught law at Western New England College, William and Mary, and the University of Connecticut.
His research interests include the theoretical foundations of
the constitutional structure of politics, the institutionalization
through law of principles of democracy, constitutional structures
of federalism, and subnational constitutional law.