The Niagara River, a strait that connects Lake Erie to Lake Ontario, is an environmental and cultural treasure of unique ecological character. It is home to more than 700 species of plants, 300 bird species, 100 fish species, and various mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and mussels. It provides essential habitat resources for many of those species, some of which are endangered. It also is an economic and tourism driver for the region, drawing visitors for birdwatching, nature photography, hiking, biking, boating, fishing, and other recreational activities. The Niagara River has been a draw for human settlements throughout history, and many visitors come to visit historical sites dating back to Native American tribes, early colonial settlers, the Revolutionary War, and the Underground Railroad. The river is a major source of drinking water for people in the region, and provides up to 2.6 million kilowatts of clean hydroelectricity on the U.S. side alone.
The magnificent Niagara River Corridor met all criteria for designation as an internationally important body of water under the Ramsar Convention. With this designation, the Niagara River Corridor joins more than 2,300 wetlands worldwide recognized for their rare and unique habitat, wildlife, and biological diversity, as “Wetlands of International Importance.” Ramsar sites are recognized as being of significant value not only for the country or the countries in which they are located, but for humanity as a whole.
Prof. Kim Diana Connolly participated in planning sessions with global leaders, and student attorneys provided daily research to support the World Wetland Network at the Conference of the Contracting Parties to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands held in November in Geneva, Switzerland. The clinic's continuing work to raise recognition of wetland ecosystems was featured, including the clinic's Ramsar Bingo boards. The game was such a hit, Professor Connolly was fondly called "BINGO" throughout the conference!
The School of Law’s Environmental Advocacy Clinic student attorneys have launched a local program of youth engagement at the Niagara River Corridor site.
The Ramsar Convention encourages parties to engage in CEPA (communication, capacity building, education, participation and awareness) at all Ramsar sites. To meet this goal, #UBLawResponds developed training materials and engaging educational activities for the site.
The first CEPA educational trip to the site with youth was in Spring 2022, and an upcoming training for Fall 2022 is scheduled.
The University at Buffalo School of Law’s Environmental Advocacy Clinic student attorneys presented a virtual presentation entitled, “The Niagara River Corridor: How it qualifies as a recognized water of “International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat.”
In early 2019, the Niagara River Ramsar Binational Steering Committee, working with the University at Buffalo School of Law Environmental Advocacy Clinic, submitted a complete nomination package reflecting the science underlying the nomination, and the support from many organizations and governmental representatives for the designation, to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
The work continues for the Bi-National Niagara River Ramsar Steering Committee and the Environmental Advocacy Clinic, as they seek to have the Niagara River Corridor designated in Canada, with the hopes of becoming the first transboundary Ramsar sites in North America, and one of less than two dozen in the world.
On Thursday, October 3, 2019 a ceremony was held designating the Niagara River Corridor as a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention, a global treaty supporting the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands and related waters.
The ceremony was hosted by the Niagara River Greenway Commission, New York State Parks, University at Buffalo, and the Bi-National Niagara River Ramsar Steering Committee, with representatives attending from the State of New York and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
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After more than five years of collaborative efforts between the Steering Committee and the Environmental Advocacy Clinic, the Ramsar nomination package for the Niagara River Corridor has finally been submitted to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
In the year running up to the submission of the nomination package, the Environmental Advocacy Clinic worked jointly with the Steering Committee to complete the Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS). The RIS is a document, required by the Ramsar Secretariat for a site to be nominated, that needs to contain all the data which shows how the nominated site satisfies the Ramsar criteria. The Niagara River Corridor’s abundance of noteworthy flora and fauna, diverse ecological features, social and cultural values resulted in a detailed 98+ page RIS.
Additionally, the Environmental Advocacy Clinic assisted with the acquisition of endorsements for the Ramsar designation. Written endorsements from each of the landowners in the designation boundaries, the local or state wildlife agency, and a member of Congress representing the geographic area were required for the Niagara River Corridor Ramsar nomination package. The Environmental Advocacy Clinic, and Steering Committee, successfully obtained these endorsements from several municipalities, agencies, elected officials, and additional stakeholders to the Niagara River Corridor. The local community’s endorsements provide a glowing base of support for the Niagara River Corridor to be designated a Ramsar Site.
Every year at UB, students have an opportunity to showcase their academic contributions, research, and creative works to students, faculty, and the rest of the UB community at the Celebration of Student Academic Excellence. Students showcase these achievements through a poster that reflects all of their efforts and results. Ultimately, posters that set themselves apart for their outstanding achievements are given a significant accolade, the Student Academic Excellence Presentation Award.
The law students from the Environmental Advocacy Clinic crafted a poster for the Student Academic Presentation that covered all of the work the clinic had done for the Niagara River Ramsar Designation. This poster not only covered who the clinic’s client was and what the clinic did for them, but it dove into informing the audience about the beauty of collaborative learning, how the Ramsar Treaty benefits communities, legal impacts of a Niagara River Corridor Ramsar Designation, and the significance of the Niagara River Corridor becoming the first bi-national, transboundary Ramsar site in North America.
The clinic’s well-orchestrated poster was ultimately recognized for its achievement by the celebration as it received the noteworthy Student Academic Excellence Presentation Award. This award distinguished the Environmental Advocacy Clinic, on the graduate level, for their work on their presentation of the Niagara River Ramsar Designation.
Law students in the Environmental Advocacy Clinic presented a PowerPoint concerning the Niagara River Corridor Ramsar Nomination at the Great Lakes Restoration Conference. The Annual Great Lakes Restoration Conference brings together more than 400 practitioners from the Great Lakes Region in an effort to advance restoration of the Great Lakes. At the conference, participants share and discuss contemporary restoration issues being faced by the practitioners in the region. The conference also provides an opportunity for practitioners to develop strategies for advancing the restorations goals of state, local, and federal agencies.
The Great Lakes Restoration Conference provided the Clinic with a massive audience to inform the area of our efforts and garner support for the Ramsar recognition of the Niagara River Corridor. The PowerPoint presentation itself covered the Ramsar Treaty itself, benefits to the Great Lake Region from a Ramsar designation, how the Niagara River Corridor qualified as a site, the legal impact of the Ramsar recognition, and why the area should be recognized as a Ramsar site.
The impact of this presentation cannot be understated. The coalition that attended the Great Lakes Restoration Conference maintains an influential presence in local, state, and federal communities. This presentation provided the clinic with a vital opportunity of informing an influential coalition of our restoration efforts and obtaining substantial support for the Ramsar Designation of the Niagara River Corridor.
World Water Day in Buffalo - Efforts to nominate the Niagara River Corridor as a Wetland of International Importance
The Niagara River Corridor Project, a project supported by legal and policy work by law students in the Environmental Law & Policy Clinic together with the Niagara River Greenway Commission and the Niagara Corridor Ramsar Site Steering Committee, held the event World Water Day in Buffalo on March 22, 2016.