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International Law Concentration

Lawyers must understand and interpret events in countries that have different legal systems. This concentration prepares students for careers in private or public international law.

Traveling seminars offer students the opportunity to observe foreign legal systems in their native setting under expert faculty guidance. International externships are also available.

The practice of law now rarely stops at the borders of one state; many legal transactions are affected by events in other states. Quite often, lawyers are required to understand and interpret events in other countries, including the different legal systems in those countries.


Director: Professor Tara Melish

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From the movement of goods and services across boundaries to state succession, armed conflict between states, the international movement of persons, currency markets and exchange rates, nuclear energy and arms control, human rights and group rights, the environment, nationality and immigration law, refugees and the international movement of persons, global communications, international crimes, and the norms affecting the sea, airspace and outer space, international law has become indispensable.

The international law concentration enables students to prepare themselves for careers involving or touching on any of the subject areas covered by international law. In addition, the Buffalo Human Rights Center offers interested students opportunities for externships with international organizations in the areas of international law and human rights


To apply for a Concentration or Curricular Program, please submit an online application.


To be eligible for the Concentration in International Law, students must take four required offerings that examine fundamental questions in the area of international law. A total of 18 credits, which must include the International Law Colloquium, are required for this Concentration. While the required courses are a fixed constant, the eligible courses may vary when new offerings are made and others dropped by instructors. The Colloquium has been offered every year, beginning 1998/99, for third year students. The Colloquium will be yearlong, divided into 1.5 credits for the Fall and Spring semesters, for a total of 3 credits. Students in the Colloquium must write a paper in an area of international law. Participation in the Colloquium will be by permission of the instructor. The Colloquium will meet weekly as arranged by the instructor. Only students accepted into the Colloquium and complete the required work for the Concentration will get a certificate.

Required Courses

  • Public International Law
  • International Human Rights
  • One of: International Business Transactions; International Trade Law; International Arbitration or International Commercial Arbitration*
  • International Law Colloquium

        *Not all courses will be offered every year, but at least one of these courses will be offered each year

Eligible Courses

  • Advanced International Law
  • Balkans Bridge Course
  • Comparative Constitutional Law
  • Comparative Law -- China
  • Comparative Regional Human Rights
  • Corporate Immigration Law Practice
  • Criminal Immigration
  • Courses from Other Graduate Programs (approved on an individual basis)
  • Economic, Cultural & Social Rights
  • Estate and Gift Tax
  • Federal Income Taxation
  • Human Rights Lawyering (DC)
  • Immigration Law
  • Independent Study (approved on an individual basis)
  • International Arbitration or International Commercial Arbitration
  • International Business Transactions
  • International Corporate Transactions (Paris)
  • International Environmental Law
  • International Finance (NYC)
  • International Human Rights Research
  • International Legal Research
  • International Trade and the Environment
  • International Trade Law
  • International Trade Law and Policy
  • International Bus Trans from In-House Perspective
  • Introduction to EU Law
  • Law, Culture & Society
  • NAFTA & Future of N. American Governance
  • New Zealand: International Economic Law
  • Problems in International Finance (NYC)
  • Refugee and Asylum Law
  • Taxation of Business Entities
  • Thailand Bridge Course
  • The Global Business Environment - U.S. Canada Border
  • Topics in Global Finance (NYC)
  • Women's International Human Rights