Mutua, Makau W.

Makau W. Mutua

SUNY Distinguished Professor Floyd H. and Hilda L. Hurst Faculty Scholar

Former Dean, University at Buffalo School of Law

Research Focus: Constitution-Making, Human Rights, International Business Transactions, Post-Colonialism, Post-Conflict Societies, Public International Law, State Reconstruction, Third World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL), Transitional Justice

Links: Curriculum Vitae, SSRN

Contact Information

626 O'Brian Hall, North Campus
Buffalo, NY 14260-1100
Phone: 716-645-2311

Faculty Assistant: Suzanne Caruso




On this page:

Journal Articles

Mazrui and Barkan: A Tribute, JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY AFRICAN STUDIES, vol. 33 p. 433 (2016)
Website      SSRN       

What is the Future of Transitional Justice?, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE(2015) vol. 9 p. 1

Turning the Corner in Kenya: a new constitution for Nairobi, FOREIGN AFFAIRS (Council on Foreign Relations: 2010)

Human Rights and Powerlessness: Pathologies of Choice and Substance, BUFFALO LAW REVIEW (University of Buffalo School of Law: 2008) vol. 56 p. 1027
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis      SSRN

Human Rights in Africa: The Limited Promise of Liberalism, AFRICAN STUDIES REVIEW (African Studies Association: 2008) vol. 51 p. 17-39
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      SSRN

Just Back From the Human Rights Council, AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW PROCEEDINGS  (2008) vol. 102 p. 329
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      SSRN

Beyond Juba: Does Uganda Need a National Truth and Reconciliation Process, BUFFALO HUMAN RIGHTS LAW REVIEW (2007) vol. 13 p. 19
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis   

Change in the Human Rights Universe [comments], HARVARD HUMAN RIGHTS JOUNRAL(2007) vol. 20 p. 3
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis    

Standard Setting in Human Rights: Critique and Prognosis, HUMAN RIGHTS QUARTERLY (2007) vol. 29 p. 547
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw   

The Iraq Paradox: Minority and Group Rights in a Viable Constitution [comments], BUFFALO LAW REVIEW (2006) vol. 54 p. 927
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis   

Terrorism and Human Rights: Power, Culture and Subordination, BUFFALO HUMAN RIGHTS LAW REVIEW (2002) vol. 8 p. 301 Catalog Record      Westlaw      LexisNexis     

Justice Under Siege: The Rule of Law and Judicial Subservience in Kenya, HUMAN RIGHTS QUARTERLY (2001) vol. 23 p. 96
Catalog Record      HeinOnline     

Savages, Victims, and Saviors: the Metaphor of Human Rights, HARVARD INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL (2001) vol. 42 p. 201 Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis     

Universal Jurisdiction-Questions of Blind Universality, AFRICA LEGAL AID July-Sept 2001

The Rwanda Tribunal A Critical Assessment, AFRICA LEGAL AID April-June 2001

Critical Race Theory and International Law: The View of an Insider-Outsider, VILLANOVA LAW REVIEw (2000) vol. 45 p. 841
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis     

From Nuremberg to the Rwanda Tribunal: Justice or Retribution?, BUFFALO HUMAN RIGHTS LAW REVIEW (2000) vol. 6 p. 77
Catalog Record      Westlaw      LexisNexis     

What Is TWAIL?, Am. Soc'y Int'l L. Proc. (2000) vol. 94 p. 31
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      SSRN

Limitations on Religious Rights: Problematizing Religious Freedom in the African Context, BUFFALO HUMAN RIGHTS LAW REVIEW (1999) vol. 5 p. 75
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis     

The African Human Rights Court: A Two-Legged Stool, HUMAN RIGHTS QUARTERLY (1999) vol. 21 p. 342
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw    

Looking Past the Human Rights Committee: An Argument for De-marginalizing Enforcement, BUFFALO HUMAN RIGHTS LAW REVIEW (1998) vol. 4 p. 211
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis     

A Discussion of the Legitimacy of Human Rights NGOs in Africa, AFRICA LEGAL AID Oct-Dec 1997

Hope and Despair for a New South Africa: The Limits of Rights Discourse, HARVARD HUMAN RIGHTS JOUNRAL(1997) vol. 10 p. 63
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis

Never Again: Questioning the Yugoslave and Rwanda Tribunals, TEMPLE INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW JOURNAL (1997) vol. 11 p. 167
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw     

African Human Rights Organizations, AFRICA LEGAL AID July-Sept 1997

Editor's Introduction, LAW & POLICY (1996) vol. 18 p. 195
Catalog Record      HeinOnline     

Reformulating the Discourse of the Human Rights Movement, EAST AFRICAN JOURNAL OF PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS (1996) vol. 3 p. 317
Catalog Record     

The Ideology of Human Rights, VIRGINIA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW (1996) vol. 36 p. 589
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis     

The Interaction Between Human Rights, Democracy and Governance and the Displacement of Populations, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REFUGEE LAW 37-45, Summer, (1995)

New Challenges in Southern Africa: From Regional Conflict to Internal Reconstruction, BROWN JOURNAL OF WORLD AFFAIRS (1995) vol. 2 p. 179
HeinOnline      Westlaw     

The Banjul Charter and the African Cultural Fingerprint: An Evaluation of the Language of Duties, VIRGINIA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW (1995) vol. 35 p. 339
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis     

Putting Humpty Dumpty Back Together Again: the Dilemmas of the African Post-Colonial State, BROOKLYN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW vol. 21: 505-536 (1995)

Why Redraw the Map of Africa: A Legal and Moral Inquiry, MICHIGAN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW (1995) vol. 16 p. 1113
Catalog Record      HeinOnline      Westlaw      LexisNexis     

Domestic Human Rights Organizations in Africa: Problems and Perspectives, JOURNAL OF OPINION vol. 22: 30-33 (1994)

Human Rights and Politics in Africa: Democratizing the Rights Discourse, EAST AFRICAN JOURNAL OF PEACE AND HUMAN RIGHTS (1993) vol. 1 p. 250
Catalog Record

The African Human Rights System in a Comparative Perspective: The Need for Urgent Reformulation, LEGAL FORUM (1993) vol. 5 p. 31

The African Human Rights System in a Comparative Perspective, REVIEW OF THE AFRICAN COMMISSION ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES' RIGHTS (1993) vol. 3 p. 5
Catalog Record

Magazine Articles

Africa and the International Criminal Court: Closing the impunity gap, The Broker Magazine December 07, 2010

Lessons from Kenya: Failures in Lasting Democratic Reform Led to this Year's Devastating Violence, 54 Chronicle of Higher Education (Issue 36, May 16, 2008) B18

Henry Steiner '55: Pioneer, Scholar, Mentor, Harvard Law Bulletin Fall: 11-13, 2005

Agenda for Kibaki and NARC, The Nairobi Law Monthly 80, February 2003

Assessing the Universal Declaration, Harvard Law Bulletin Spring: 20-21, 2000

Can Nigeria Be One? The Open Sore of a Continent, Wilson Quarterly, Summer 1996

Kenya Clamps Down on Opposition to Moi, Africa Report, May-June 1995

The Annointed Leadership, Africa Report, November-December 1994

It is Time to Redraw the Map of Africa, Harvard Law Record, Sept 1994

The End of an Absurdity, Africa Report, July-August 1994

Decline of the Despot, Africa Report, July-August 1994

Young Turks vs. Old Guard, Africa Report, May-June 1994

Ethiopia, Africa Report, November-December 1993

The Regionalization Controversy, Africa Report, September-October 1993

The New Oligarchy, Africa Report, September-October 1993

Ticking Time Bomb, Africa Report, July-August 1993

Zaire: Permanent Anarchy, Africa Report, May-June 1993

Kenya Missed Opportunities: A Post-Mortem of the Kenyan Elections, The African Mirror, April 1993

Democracy Movements Sweep the Continent, Utne Reader, November-December 1992

The Changing of the Guard, Africa Report, November-December 1992

The Last Chapter_Africa Report, Africa Report, September-October 1992

The Troubled Transition, Africa Report, September-October 1992

The Politics of Doom, Africa Report, May-June 1992

Democracy in Africa: No Easy Walk to Freedom, Reconstruction 2:1, 1992

One-dimensional Pessimism: A "Blackamerican" Rejection of Africa, Reconstruction 2:1, 1992

A Break With the Past?, Africa Report, January-February 1992

Decline of the Despot, Africa Report, November-December 1991

Newspaper Articles


Why a fallout between Ruto and Uhuru is inevitable, Daily Nation, June 20, 2011
Why President Obama has become a 'Villain' in America, Daily Nation, June 13, 2011
The Group of Seven is a tribal alliance in all but name, Daily Nation, June 7, 2011
Ida Odinga: a true heroine of the Second Liberation, Daily Nation, May 30, 2011
Who's afraid of Willy Mutunga at the helm of Judiciary, Daily Nation, May 23, 2011
Why Kenya military must crush Al-Shabaab, Daily Nation, May 16, 2011
Ambassador Rannenberger, this is why I salute you, Daily Nation, May 2, 2011
Why court may order the arrest of Ocampo Two, Daily Nation, April 25, 2011
Four reasons why Uhuru is no Jomo Kenyatta, Daily Nation, April 18, 2011
My flight to Amsterdam with the Ocampo Three, Daily Nation, April 11, 2011
Why ODM could be headed to dustbin of history, Sunday Nation, April 3, 2011
Why Martha Karua looks attractive for 2012, Daily Nation, March 28, 2011
Between Kibaki and Kalonzo, who's playing whom?, Daily Nation, March 21, 2011
Why Hague Trial deferrals won't work, Daily Nation, March 14, 2011
Mutula 'Sees the light on the way to Damascus', Daily Nation, March 8, 2011
High stakes game as date with ICC draws near, Daily Nation, February 28, 2011
Kenyans should see through leaders' hypocrisy, Daily Nation, February 24, 2011
Kalenjin Nation should shun 'siege mentality', Daily Nation, February 14, 2011
Kibaki nominees are fruits of a poisoned tree, Daily Nation, February 7, 2011
Kibaki's Rally in Eldoret was smart politics, Daily Nation, January 31, 2011
Political class testing Kenyans' patience, Daily Nation, January 24, 2011
Why Ocampo could derail Raila's plans, Sunday Nation, January 16, 2011
Why the Ocampo Six must vacate office, Sunday Nation, January 9, 2011
Bid to pull Kenya out of ICC an act in futility, Sunday Nation, January 2, 2011


Ocampo Six: let the law take its Course, Sunday Nation, December 19, 2010
Why Kenya's new Constitution protects gays, Sunday Nation, December 12, 2010
Can Ngilu survive the storm over corruption?, Sunday Nation, December 5, 2010
Abdikadir could do an Obama in Kenya, Sunday Nation, November 28, 2010
Naikuni has what it takes to be Kenya's next CEO, Sunday Nation, November 21, 2010
Ruto's lawyers mis-advised him on visit, Sunday Nation, November 14, 2010
Why Mutava Musyimi is a man to watch, Sunday Nation, November 7, 2010
Arise Githongo and run for President in 2012, Sunday Nation, October 31, 2010
Karua has a chance in 2012, but she's got to work, Sunday Nation, October 24, 2010
What if Ocampo were to indict Uhuru?, Sunday Nation, October 17, 2010
Let us attack homophobia, not gays, Sunday Nation, October 10, 2010
Why Raila must crack the whip in ODM, Sunday Nation, October 3, 2010
Whose mouthpiece is Mutula Kilonzo?, Sunday Nation, September 26, 2010
If only Kiplagat could reflect on his Legacy, Sunday Nation, September 19, 2010
Why Ruto will be a major player in 2012, Sunday Nation, September 12, 2010
The new constitution will fail if we do not radically reconstruct our identities, Sunday Nation, September 5, 2010
Why the tribe could kill the Constitution, Sunday Nation, September 5, 2010
An open letter to the 'Second Republic', Sunday Nation, August 29, 2010
Uhuru visit to Raila a first act in a tricky play, Sunday Nation, August 22, 2010
Calls to amend the constitution are absurd, Sunday Nation, August 15, 2010
Five reasons why the 'Greens' won and the 'Reds' lost the referendum, Daily Nation, August 13, 2010
Who won and who lost, after the poll, Sunday Nation, August 8, 2010
My closing argument for draft constitution, Sunday Nation, August 1, 2010
Kibaki well aware that his future is now, Sunday Nation, July 25, 2010
Why Kenya should ban tribal associations, Sunday Nation, July 18, 2010
An open letter to the Kamba Nation, Sunday Nation, July 11, 2010
Uhuru's dilemma over the Gema mantle, Sunday Nation, July 4, 2010
Koigi should return to the right side of history, Sunday Nation, June 27, 2010
Four theories on who bombed the 'No' rally, Sunday Nation, June 20, 2010
An open letter to the Kalenjin Nation, Sunday Nation, June 13, 2010
Is it possible Raila is being set up for failure? Sunday Nation, June 6, 2010
Courts must not be allowed to derail referendum, Sunday Nation, May 30, 2010
Kalonzo squarely to blame for his tribulations, Sunday Nation, May 23, 2010
Why Kibaki cannot be said to be a lame duck, Sunday Nation, May 16, 2010
Why the No campaign could destroy the Church, Sunday Nation, May 9, 2010
Why Kibaki is likely to say 'Raila Tosha' in 2010, Sunday Nation, May 2, 2010
Why a Kalonzo presidency may never come to pass, Sunday Nation, Apr. 25, 2010
Ruto has taken a path to political oblivion, Sunday Nation, Apr. 18, 2010
Neither Kibaki nor Odinga are above ICC, Sunday Nation, Apr. 11, 2010
Will Raila become Kenya's next president? Sunday Nation, Apr. 4, 2010
The Constitution does not belong to MPs, Sunday Nation, Mar. 28, 2010
There's only one draft constitution, the one by CoE, Sunday Nation, Mar. 21, 2010
Why PDM is mere political gimmickry, Sunday Nation, Mar. 14, 2010
An open letter to ODM's Miguna Miguna, Sunday Nation, Mar. 7, 2010
Mess at the Truth team goes beyond Kiplagat, Sunday Nation, Feb. 28, 2010
Why 2012 will be a pivotal year for Kenya, Sunday Nation, Feb. 21, 2010
Case for disbanding and reconstituting TJRC, Sunday Nation, Feb. 14, 2010
Rebirth of the Kenyan nation in Naivasha, Sunday Nation, Feb. 7, 2010
How to salvage your legacy, Mr. President, Sunday Nation, Jan. 31, 2010
Kibaki and Raila hold the key to a constitution, Sunday Nation, Jan. 24, 2010
Obama's Haiti response in contrast to Bush's Katrina, Sunday Nation, Jan. 17, 2010
Devolution must be democratic, not tribal, Sunday Nation, Jan. 10, 2010
2010 must be pivotal for key reforms, Sunday Nation, Jan. 3, 2010


Why reforms have failed in Kenya, Daily Nation, Dec. 29, 2009
High drama marked Kenya's national life, Sunday Nation, Dec. 27, 2009
Angry Ruto's political career doomed to failure, Sunday Nation, Dec. 20, 2009
Raila now seems to embrace national interests, Sunday Nation, Dec. 13, 2009
The Executive in draft law is a stroke of genius, Sunday Nation, Dec. 6, 2009
Nothing should derail this sound and solid draft, Sunday Nation, Nov. 29, 2009
Reason – don't shout – about draft constitution, Sunday Nation, Nov. 22, 2009
Why homosexuality is not a threat to the family, Sunday Nation, Nov. 8, 2009
It is nonsense to assert that being gay is un-African, Sunday Nation, Nov. 1, 2009
Tribe can't be a foundation for the modern state, Sunday Nation, Nov. 15, 2009
Why Kenyan constitution must protect gays, Sunday Nation, Oct. 25, 2009
Nobel prize both a blessing and curse for Obama, Sunday Nation, Oct. 18, 2009
KACC boss should have a record of fighting graft, Sunday Nation, Oct. 11, 2009
An open letter to Ambassador Ranneberger, Sunday Nation, Oct. 4, 2009
Annan will not abandon Kenya, Sunday Nation, Sept. 27, 2009
ICC's indictment of Bashir a lesson for Kenya, Sunday Nation, Sept. 20, 2009
Kibaki move on Ringera an act of impunity, Sunday Nation, Sept. 13, 2009
Terrible obsession with European soccer, Sunday Nation, Sept. 6, 2009
The epidemic of gender-based violence, Sunday Nation, Aug. 30, 2009
Why humans deeply care about the matter of race, Sunday Nation, Aug. 23, 2009
Interpreting Obama and Clintonspeak, Sunday Nation, Aug. 16, 2009
An open letter to vice-chair Betty Murungi, Sunday Nation, Aug. 9, 2009
Nothing could be more insulting to Kenyans, Sunday Nation, Aug. 2, 2009
Trials are separate from truth commission, Sunday Nation, July 26, 2009
Lessons for Kenya from Liberia's TRC, Sunday Nation, July 19, 2009
An open letter to Waki envelope suspects, Sunday Nation, July 12, 2009
The Hague is the only viable option, Sunday Nation, July 5, 2009
Dear Uhuru_Sunday Nation, Sunday Nation, June 28, 2009
And Now, a Note for Vice-President Kalonzo, Sunday Nation, June 21, 2009
An Open Letter, Sunday Nation, June 14, 2009
Genuine Reforms are a Painful Necessity, Sunday Nation, June 7, 2009
Beware the Perils of Modern Technology, Sunday Nation, May 31, 2009
Never Too Early to Start Saving for College, Sunday Nation, May 24, 2009
Wise Investors Temper Greed, Sunday Nation, May 17, 2009
Locals Should Take Charge, Sunday Nation, May 10, 2009
Why We Should Celebrate Okoth-Ogendo's Life, Sunday Nation, May 3, 2009
Rhetoric as a Tool to Craft the Obama Doctrine, Sunday Nation, Apr. 26, 2009
Zuma's Flaws Work Against Him Being President, Sunday Nation, Apr. 19, 2009
Gicheru Should Quit to Creat Space for Reforms, Sunday Nation, Apr. 15, 2009
Karua Walked Out, Sunday Nation, Apr. 12, 2009
Muite's Best Days Could Still Be Ahead of Him, Sunday Nation, Mar. 29, 2009
Electoral Body Must Have Impeccable Chair, Sunday Nation, Mar. 22, 2009
Extra-judicial Killings Must Be Brought to an End, Sunday Nation, Mar. 15, 2009
Wanted - Concrete Action to End Impunity, Sunday Nation, Mar. 8, 2009
When Cornered, the Vultures Cry Wolf, Sunday Nation, Mar. 1, 2009
Case for Scrapping of Terminal National Exams, Sunday Nation, Feb. 22, 2009
Only ICC Will Save Kenya, Sunday Nation, Feb. 15, 2009
Constitution - Last Chance for Kenya, Sunday Nation, Feb. 15, 2009
Will Big Two Take Proverbial Road to Damascus, Sunday Nation, Feb. 8, 2009
ICC's Sword of Damocles Hangs Over Kenya, Sunday Nation, Feb. 1, 2009
What Does Kenya's Political Class Excel At, Sunday Nation, Jan. 25, 2009
Historic Moment as Obama Takes the Helm, Daily Nation, Jan. 20, 2009
Israel May be Motivated, Sunday Nation, Jan 11, 2009
Apology for a Colonial Brute, Sunday Nation, Jan 11, 2009
Unsurprisingly China is Flexing its Muscles, Sunday Nation, Jan 4, 2009


2008 Was the Turning Point in Kenya's History, Sunday Nation, Dec. 28, 2008
Send the Waki List to the Hague, Sunday Nation, Dec. 21, 2008
Kibaki and Raila Must Reject this Draconian Law, Sunday Nation, Dec. 14, 2008
Action Plan for Waki Tribunal, Sunday Nation, Dec. 14, 2008
Kenya Had Better Learn_Sunday Nation, Sunday Nation, Dec. 7, 2008
The Kenyan Tribunal, Sunday Nation, Nov 30, 2008
Why Experts Should Draft the Constitution, Sunday Nation, Nov 23, 2008
The Waki Report, Sunday Nation, Nov 16, 2008
How and Why Obama Made it, Sunday Nation, Nov 9, 2008
Tuesday is the Day of Ultimate Black History, Sunday Nation, Nov 2, 2008
Why Obama Will Clinch This Election, Sunday Nation, Nov 2, 2008
Obama Offers US Chance, Sunday Nation, Nov 2, 2008
Heres a Chance for Kenya, Sunday Nation, Oct 26, 2008
Is Lands Minister Orengo on to Something, Sunday Nation, Oct 19, 2008
Do Not Tribalise Number Two Slot in ODM, Sunday Nation, Oct 12, 2008
The End of Wall Street as we knew it, Sunday Nation, Sept 28, 2008
Why Obama Stande a Better Chance, Sunday Nation, Sept 21, 2008
Failure of Coalition Would Spell Doom for Kenya, Sunday Nation, Sept 12, 2008
Why Corruption is the Root Cause of Poverty, Sunday Nation, Sept 7, 2008
Why Do Blacks have a Complex of Inferiority, Sunday Nation, Aug 31, 2008
Is the Waki Team a Mini Truth Commission, Sunday Nation, Aug 24, 2008
Martha Interiting Kibaki's Mantle, Sunday Nation, Aug 10, 2008
Leaders Should Not Short Circuit Democracy, Sunday Nation, Aug 3 2008
It is the Tribe that Has Stunted Kenya's Growth, Sunday Nation, July 27, 2008
In Kenya Impunity Springs, Sunday Nation, July 13, 2008
AU Must Force Mugabe, Sunday Nation, July 6, 2008
Why Africa Must Force Mugabe Out, Sunday Nation, June 29, 2008
Only A New Constitution will save Kenya, Sunday Nation, June 22, 2008
Bush Properly Slapped by Court, Sunday Nation, June 15, 2008
Why Silence if Africa is Important, Daily Nation, June 11,2008
Kibaki did well to Reject Amnesty Idea, Sunday Nation, June 8, 2008
Does Clinton Wish Obama Ill?, Sunday Nation, June 1, 2008
The State Should Not Reward Killers, Sunday Nation, May 25, 2008
Grand Opposition Will be Welcome, Sunday Nation, May 18, 2008
Obama Assured of Election Victory, Sunday Nation, May 11, 2008
Only Law Reforms can Save the Coalition, Sunday Nation, May 4, 2008
Why Kenya's Big Five Must Roam Together, Sunday Nation, April 28, 2008
Will the ICC Have to Come after the Killers?" Sunday Nation, April 20, 2008
Is Kenya about to become a Failed State?" Sunday Nation, April 13, 2008
Is Kenya Headed back to 1964?" Sunday Nation, April 6, 2008
Poll: Obama Likely to Beat the Republican Candidate, Sunday Nation, Mar 30, 2008
Understanding the Peace Ceremony, Sunday Nation, Mar 23, 2008
Why Kenya is so Important to the West?" Sunday Nation, Mar 16, 2008
Has Kenya Lost its Signature Brand?" Sunday Nation, Mar 9, 2008
Coalition Must Forge National Identity, Sunday Nation, Mar 2, 2008
Power Should Not be a Zero-Sum Game, Sunday Nation, Feb 24, 2008
How to Conduct Free and Fair Polls, Daily Nation, Feb 20, 2008
How Power-Sharing Should Work, Sunday Nation, Feb 10, 2008
What Justice and Truth Team Should Do, Daily Nation, Feb 8, 2008
Options for a Political Settlement, Sunday Nation, Feb 3, 2008
Kenya at the Brink of Collapse," Boston Globe, Jan 30, 2008
Confronting Sordid History Only Way, Sunday Nation, Jan 27, 2008
Wanjiku's Role in Bringing about Reform, Sunday Nation, Jan 20, 2008
We Must Build One Nation or be Doomed, Sunday Nation, Jan 13, 2008


Agenda for the Next Government, Sunday Nation, Dec 23, 2007
We want Graceful Winners and Losers, Sunday Nation, Dec 16, 2007
Democracy or Theater of the Absurd, Sunday Nation, Dec 9, 2007
Opinion Polls and Democratic Practice, Sunday Nation, Dec 2, 2007
Wanted: An Enlightened Political Class, Sunday Nation, Nov 25, 2007
Changing Kitui Central's Dim Fortunes, Sunday Nation, Nov 11, 2007
Politics Must be More Than Organized Hatred, Sunday Nation, Nov 4, 2007
Why Majimbo Would Spell Doom for Kenya, Sunday Nation, Oct 28, 2007
Kalonzo's 'Strategic' Election Options, Daily Nation, Oct 7, 2007
Cleansing the Country of Past Evils, Daily Nation, Sept 30, 2007
Ethnicity the Bane of Kenyan Politics, Daily Nation, Sept 23, 2007
Might is Not Always Right, Daily Nation, Sept 23, 2007
We Need a World Where Might Isn't Right, Daily Nation, Sept 16, 2007
Raila and Kalonzo Had No Opponents, Only Political Escorts, Daily Nation, Sept 2, 2007
What Became of the Great Reformists?, Daily Nation, Aug 5, 2007
How to Build the Kenyan Nation, Daily Nation, July 15, 2007
Raila is His Own Worst Enemy, Daily Nation, July 8, 2007
Why Our Legislators Must Kill the Media (Control) Bill Now, Daily Nation, July 7, 2007
Why Kenya Should be Wary of China, Daily Nation, July 1, 2007
Why Moi Ruled Kenya for so Long, Daily Nation, June 24, 2007
We Must Address Social Causes of Crime, Daily Nation, June 16, 2007
End of an Era as World Bank Chief Forced Out, Daily Nation, May 20, 2007
Media Bill Smacks of Authoritarianism, Daily Nation, May 20, 2007
Nelson Mandela or Idi Amin?, Daily Nation, May 6, 2007
US Sanctions on Sudan Put African Nations to Shame, Sunday Nation, May 3, 2007
Used and Dumped: That's Civil Society, Daily Nation, April 15, 2007
Why Hempstone Cannot Be My Hero, Daily Nation, Mar 25, 2007
Kibaki Must Rethink Appointments, Daily Nation, Jan 14, 2007


Is Kalonzo Fit to Rule Kenya, Daily Nation, Dec 17, 2006
Seek Ye First the Economic Kingdom, Sunday Nation, Aug 20, 2006
Comment - Court Erred by Giving Blanket Immunity, Daily Nation, Aug 6, 2006
WTO Rules are Mere Neocolonial Schemes, Daily Nation, July 30, 2006
Time to Lift the Lid on Abortion Debate, Sunday Nation, June 25, 2006
Isolating Hamas Will be Outright Myopic, Daily Nation, April 7, 2006
Rejecting the Urge to Isolate Hamas, The Boston Globe, Mar 27, 2006


ODM is Not the Answer, The Standard, Dec 18, 2005
Cabinet is One of the Greatest Blunders in Kenya's History, The Standard, Dec 11, 2005
Liberia at a Crossroads, Mshale - The African Community Newspaper, Dec, 2005
How to Keep Africa From Backsliding, The Christian Science Monitor, Nov 29, 2005
How NAK Bigwigs Failed the Probity Test, Daily Nation, Nov 19, 2005
The Orange Alliance is Fraught with Landmines, The Standard, Nov 19, 2005
Treat the Contentious Issues Differently, Daily Nation, Aug 25, 2005
Kibaki Cannot Afford to Ignore This Impasse, The Standard, Feb 12, 2005


Bush, Kerry and the Future of Democracy, Sunday Standard, Oct 31, 2004
Close Call, Sunday Standard, Oct 31, 2004
African Union and Nepad Should Rein in the Tyrants, Sunday Standard, Aug 22, 2004
The Problem With the Term "Terrorism", Sunday Standard, Aug 15, 2004
Racism at Root of Sudan's Darfur Crisis, The Christian Science Monitor, July 14, 2004
With Cabinet Reshuffle, Narc Has Rejected Reform Agenda, Daily Nation, July 7, 2004
After Bomas, Kibaki Must Take Lead, Daily Nation, April 7, 2004
Devolution the Sensible Way to Kill Dictatorship, Daily Nation, Feb 1, 2004
Bomas Conference Lacks Moral Legitimacy, Sunday Nation, Jan 25, 2004
Christmas Blues and the Consumer Society, Sunday Nation, Jan 18, 2004
America and the International Criminal Court, Sunday Nation, Jan 11, 2004
Civil Society's Relevance in the Age of Narc, Sunday Nation, Jan 4, 2004


Leaders Shamed by Their Misdeeds Should Bow Out, Sunday Nation, Dec 28, 2003
Capture of Saddam Raises Complex Questions, Sunday Nation, Dec 23, 2003
A Spark of Hope in New Human Rights Watchdog, Sunday Nation, Dec 14, 2003
We Must Recognize Experts in Constitution Writing, Sunday Nation, Dec 7, 2003
There Has to be an Alternative to Bomas III, Sunday Nation, Nov 30, 2003
Ruling Party's Social Contract With Kenyans, Sunday Nation, Nov 23, 2003
Zimbabwe: Why We Must Be Our Brother's Keeper, Sunday Nation, Nov 16, 2003
Let Us Resist American Unilateralism, Not Aid It, Sunday Nation, Nov 9, 2003
Moi's State House Visit Unhealthy for Narc, Sunday Nation, Nov 2, 2003
Kenya is Badly in Need of a Foreign Policy, Sunday Nation, Oct 26, 2003
Truth Commission: An Idea Whose Time Has Come, Sunday Nation, Oct 19, 2003
The Case of Judicial Rot and Reform Politics, Sunday Nation, Oct 12, 2003
The Bomas Constitutional Talks Were One Big Farce, Sunday Nation, Oct 5, 2003
Questions on Kibaki Visit to the US, Sunday Nation, Sept 28, 2003
The Parliamentary System is Simply Unworkable, Sunday Nation, Sept 21, 2003
Kenya Does Not Need a Prime Minister, Sunday Nation, Sept 14, 2003
Why Parties Need to be Regulated, Sunday Nation, Sept 7, 2003


New Union Must Learn From the Past to Help Africa, The Boston Globe, Mar 2, 2002
Struggling to End Africa's World War, The New York Times, Aug 2, 2002
A Blueprint for Rebuilding Africa, The Boston Globe, June 27, 2002
Zimbabwe's Lessons for South Africa, The Christian Science Monitor, Aug 27, 2001
A Separate Nation for Black African Sudan, The Boston Globe, July 14, 2001
Lean Heavily on Murderous Regime, Daily Nation, July 17, 2001
A Noble Cause Wrapped in Arrogance, The Boston Globe, Apr 29, 2001
Give Powell a Break, He May Be Best for Africa, Daily Nation, Feb 17, 2001
A Scandal That Could Topple Kenya's Shaky Democracy, The Boston Globe, June 17, 2000
Ethnic Rivalries are Difficult to Eliminate, Daily Nation, May 3, 1999
Men's Role in Women's Freedom, The Boston Globe, July 5, 1995
Africa's Failing States, The Boston Globe, May 27, 1995
Guatemala's Plight, The Boston Globe, Nov 26, 1994
Redrawing The Map Along African Lines, The Boston Globe, Sept 22, 1994
Forgive, But Don't Forget, The Boston Globe, July 12, 1994
Democracys Bid Fades in Ethiopia, The Christian Science Monitor, Aug 18, 1993
Stung by Opposition Gains, The Christian Science Monitor, Jan 1993
Roadblock To Democracy In Kenya, The Boston Globe, Nov 26, 1992
Can Kenya Be Saved From Its Government, The Christian Science Monitor, May 15 1992
The Democratic Renaissance in Africa, Nuclear Times, Spring 1992